Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. [30] If the EP approves the agreement by a simple majority, it must be adopted by the EU by the overqualified majority of the European Council of the other 27 Member States (20 from the other EU-27 representing 65% of the EU-27 population). The NI protocol, known as “backstop,” is supposed to be temporary and applies unless it is replaced by a future relationship agreement that the parties will attempt to reach by December 31, 2020. The protocol provides that the common travel area and North-South cooperation will continue to a large extent as they do today, as well as the internal electricity market (so that some EU legislation on wholesale electricity markets will continue to apply). After Parliament`s first vote, the EU refused to renegotiate the withdrawal agreement itself, although the House of Commons voted to send the government back to Brussels to seek “alternative arrangements” for the backstop. The government decided that the third vote in the House of Commons would only be through the withdrawal agreement and not through the declaration on future relations. This was in part in line with a decision by the spokesperson, which insisted on significant changes from the previous vote. However, it ended in defeat by 58 votes. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement. [45] The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable). [47] The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.

[48] Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”. [49] On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.” [50] Citizens` rights provisions were adopted by the UK and the EU in the draft withdrawal agreement in March 2018. There are no substantial changes or additions, except in the rights provisions of nationals of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. The most important elements of the draft agreement are:[21] Both the draft withdrawal agreement and the political declaration can have a significant impact on the British Constitution.

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j$k2048907j$kImmediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. If the EP approves the agreement by a simple majority, it must be adopted by the EU by the overqualified...