The Katowice climate conference focused on completing work on the Work Programme of the Paris Agreement, a series of decisions aimed at operationalising the Treaty. The two-week meeting focused on completing work on the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), a series of decisions aimed at achieving this goal. With the last breath, the parties adopted the Katowice climate package, which contains decisions on almost all issues mandated by the PAWP. To make matters worse, there are many stumbling blocks with deep-rooted differences, which have also led to new disagreements. For example, differences over differentiation seem to persist, although the Paris Agreement arguably “settles” the issue by weakening the firewall of both developed and developing countries. The Group of 77 and China (G-77/China) remain concerned about “the attempt by some to undermine the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and capabilities (CBDR-RC)”. The like-minded Group of Developing Countries (PMDC) deplored the “repeated attempts” by developed countries to renegotiate the Paris Agreement by “erasing” differentiation in negotiations on mitigation-related NDCs, as well as on compliance and the transparency framework. BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) also expressed a desire to work on mitigation to reflect the differentiation between developed and developing countries, with developed countries taking the lead in reducing emissions. Many developed countries argue that this divided approach, particularly in mitigation-related NDCs, has “no basis” in the Paris Agreement. The developed/evolving gap has had an impact on the negotiations in the context of improving transparency. Developed countries consider transparency of mitigation efforts to be essential to achieving the goal of the Paris Agreement, while developing countries consider transparency of support provided and received to be of paramount importance. The communication by developed countries on transparent and consistent information under Article 9(7) on how to account for financial resources has also had the effect of controversy.

Publications such as the “Guide to the Paris Agreement” and the broader work programmes of the ecbi and the Climate Ambition Support Alliance are designed to address some of these imbalances and create a level playing field with more voice and influence for underfunded countries. .

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j$k2039584j$kThe Katowice climate conference focused on completing work on the Work Programme of the Paris Agreement, a series of decisions aimed at operationalising the Treaty. The two-week meeting focused on completing work on the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), a series of decisions aimed at achieving this goal. With...